Pages: 88-99
DOI 10.7442/2071-9620-2015-4-88-99
ÓÄÊ 372.8
ÁÁÊ 74.268.0
Authors: B.A. Ismagulova, A.V. Moskvina, P.G. Lobzina
Abstract: Pedagogical possibilities of spiritual and moral situations of teenager development are discussed, the structure of such concepts as “creativity”, “teenager creative development”, “spiritual and moral activities”, “pedagogical situation” and “spiritual and moral situation” are revealed. The focus is on the content, types and kinds of spiritual and moral situations as tools to develop literary and creative abilities of teenagers at the classes of Literature (informative, reflective, empathic, meaning of life); stages of teenager’s spiritual and moral development: life (or artificially created in class) situation, spiritual and moral comprehension of the situation an behavioral motives; choosing and making the decision, will stimulus, action; pedagogical conditions necessary to create spiritual and moral situations: openness, demonstration alien and common human individuality; no-mark reaction of the teacher to the information received from the interlocutor; creating emotional atmosphere that encourages the person to open oneself, his/her secret corners; common language understood by the teenager and teacher; basis on the eternal spiritual values. The methods (self-cognition, heuristic, research) and forms (classes with partial dramatization, performance class, dispute, discussion group, advice class and training) as well as criteria and indices of teenager creative development via spiritual and moral situations are specified. The system pf creative situational tasks with spiritual and moral content are considered.
Keywords: creativity, creative development of teenager, Literature class, spiritual and moral situations, spiritual and moral behavior of teenagers, methods and forms of teenager development via spiritual and moral situations, system of creative situational tasks.
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